3D Animation

1 - pre-production

Idea Generation

Every great story starts with a brilliant idea. Thus, it is essential for a successful animation to have a solid, well-thought idea.

2 - pre-production

Story Creation

Ideas will be developed and improved until the whole story is shaped. This is a basic version of what’s going to happen in the animation, including the characters, conflict, et cetera.

3 - pre-production

Script Writing

The script is the formal, written, literary version of the story; including the character movements, environment, time, actions, and dialogues.

4 - pre-production


A storyboard is a non-moving visual version of the script. It basically looks like a comic book, including early ideas of camera staging, major character poses, or scene events.

5 - production


A moving form of the storyboard is called the animatic which will evolve into the final edit of the entire project. The animatic is created in its most simple form, portraying the sequence timing of the project through 2D storyboard drawings.

6 - pre - production


The final look of the project is decided at this stage; including the concept design, character design, costumes, prop design, and environment. The mood and the concept of designs must be fully conveyed here. If you want to know the ins and outs of character design, check out the article about shape language in character design.

7 - production

3D Layout

3D modeling is the process of developing a geometric surface representation of any object in specialized 3D software such as Maya or 3Ds Max.

8 - production

3D Texturing

The process of creating and applying textures (colors and surface properties) to a 3D model is called 3D texturing. Before coming to the texture artist, 3D models are usually in a default shaded flat color.

9 - production

3D Rigging

During the rigging process, a bone structure is put into the 3D object, so that the animators can move different parts of the geometric object (in character rigging for example) as quickly and efficiently as possible.

10 - production

3D Animation

The movements of the 3D objects or characters in a scene or setting are created during the animation stage. The animation is usually the most crucial and time-consuming part of producing a 3D animated video.

11 - production


A 3D animator animates almost everything but elements like hair, fur, water, fire, clothes, or dust; key-framing them would be too difficult or even impossible.

12 - production


ust like the real-world lighting in photography or filming, 3D animation lighting is the stage at which the mood of a 3D scene or sequence is created through light based on the pre-production designs.

13 - production


When dealing with a 3D animation, every scene is separated and rendered into multiple layers including objects, colors, background, foreground, shadows, highlights, et cetera. The layers are going to be united again in the post-production stage

14 - post-production


To make a final output, the layers rendered previously are put together again in compositing. The layering process can be as simple as putting 2 layers together, or as complex as matching hundreds of layers and adjusting their properties.

15 - post-production

2D - VFX

Some visual effects such as sparks, dust, raindrops, camera shakes, et cetera, are more easily achieved in a 2D environment at the end of the project, without sacrificing the quality. These effects are usually mixed with other layers in compositing.

15 - post-production

Color Correction

Also known as color timing or color grading, color correction is literally the last adjustment we make to a 3D animation in the pipeline. This step makes each shot and the whole project look more consistent.

15 - post-production

Final - Output

There are different options out there regarding the output format of the pipeline, however, the most common type is a digital video which is compatible with most digital devices and can be played on the internet.

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